Acronyms and abbreviations are such a huge part of the language, but sometimes we forget how important they are.
Today we’re going to take you on a tour of the 37 most common English acronyms and abbreviations that every English learner should know.
Transcript From Video
Hey RealLifers, what’s going on?
Today I have a special lesson for you, on abbreviations and acronyms, so stay tuned.
Aww yeah. Well, we have a special lesson today on abbreviations andacronyms in English, so, let me share with you 37 of these.
So, the first one, ASAP – As Soon as Possible.
FYI – For Your Information
RSVP – this is a French word, most native English speakers don’t know what this means in French, but we use it for… to reserve, make a reservation for a party, so, to respond. It means Répondez S’il Vous Plaît.
ETA means Estimated Time of Arrival
AKA means Also Known As
FAQ means Frequently Asked Questions
ATM means Automated Teller Machine, but also At the Moment, which is more like Internet speech, or text.
TBA – To Be Announced
TGIF – Thank God it’s Friday
RIP, what you see on graves at the cemetery is Rest in Peace
PS, what you write at the end of letters, Post Script [English. In Latin: Post Scriptum]
ESL & EFL
ESL, like when you see it with English, English as a Second Language
EFL – English as a Foreign Language
DIY – Do it Yourself. Like a project that you might do it yourself, without professional help.
ID. It means your Identification. This is what you present when you go to a bar, if you look like you’re underaged.
IQ is your Intelligence Quotient, which is what a lot of intelligence tests will measure.
GMO means Genetically Modified Organism, so make sure you don’t eat GMO’s.
PC – Personal Computer
PR – Public Relations
SOS, what you might see if you’re stranded or stuck on a desert island, you might write in the sand SOS – Save Our Souls. This is to get help. (Note: also, this may also mean “Save Our Ship”).
AWOL means Absent Without Leave. Leave is to have permission to leave, to be on vacation. So, this comes from the military. You might say this when you have a friend or somebody that’s missing, so that person is AWOL.
Another way to say the same thing is MIA – Missing in Action.
POW, another military term, is Prisoner of War.
AD & BC
So, now some historical terms.
So, AD, which means past the year 0, like, we’re in 2014 AD. AD means Anno Domini, which is a Latin word.\
CE & BCE
BC is Before Christ. But nowadays they’re using CE for the modern era, so, we’re in 2014 CE, which is AD, which is secular, not really attached to religion. *Correction- CE and BCE mean Common Era and Before Common Era.
And then BCE is Before Common Existence, it’s the same as BC.
So, sometimes when you’re writing, or you’re reading, you might see IE, which means in other words. So, in Latin, I’m not going to try to pronounce this, but here it is on the screen.
And EG, which means for example, and here it is in Latin. So, you might use those in writing, and you might recognize this when you’re reading something.
So, DOB means Date of Birth. You might see this on an application.
OCD means Obsessive Compulsive Disorder, so it’s a mental disorder.
MD means Medical Doctor.
HR means Human Resources, and DOA means Dead on Arrival. You might hear this in like a police show or something.
So, to finish, I’m going to give you 3 colloquial ones, which I think are pretty interesting, but they’re a little bit more relaxed than the other ones.
So, the first one is BYOB. You might see this on an invitation to a party. This means Bring Your Own Beer. Bring Your Own Beer or Bring Your Own Booze, which is another word for alcohol.
OG, which means Original Gangster, or…
And the final one is SOL, which means Shit Out of Luck. Shit Out of Luck. It means that you are out of luck and you have no chance.
So, those are 37 abbreviations and acronyms for you today. I hope it’s been helpful today.
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Thank you very much.